Int J Audiol. 2005 Apr;44(4):191-6.
Prevalence of vestibulopathy in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo patients with and without prior otologic history.
The American Institute of Balance, Largo, FL, USA.
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of reduced or absent labyrinthine reactivity (vestibulopathy) in two groups of participants with posterior canal BPPV. One group had prior diagnosis of otologic disease (positive history group). No one in the second group had ever been diagnosed with otologic disease (negative history group). Caloric responses were retrospectively analyzed for the two groups. Patients with a positive history exhibited a greater prevalence of vestibulopathy than patients with a negative history. The positive history group, on average, also exhibited a larger unilateral weakness than those patients in the negative history group. We conclude that patients with BPPV and a history of otologic disease are more likely to present with vestibulopathy, than patients with BPPV and no history of otologic disease. This finding supports the benefit of complete vestibular evaluation in patients with BPPV to ensure comprehensive and successful treatment outcome.