Education Series

Understanding fall risk factors in community-dwelling older adults: A cross-sectional study

Carrasco et al (Int Jl of Older People Nursing 15, e12294 (2020)) studied fall risk factors among 508 community-dwelling older adults, more than 40% of whom had fallen within a year of the study. Many of the study’s results cohere with existing literature; chronic diseases like diabetes, dementia, and sensory disorders put people at higher risk of falling. The researchers report, however, that several demographic variables traditionally linked to fall risks were not predictive in their sample; patients’ age, education level, and socio-economic status did not appear to significantly predict falls. These findings support existing work done in similar communities in Portugal. The authors submit that unique communities do not necessarily share fall risk profiles. Download Article

Pediatric Vestibular Rehabilitation: A Case Study

Alves & Silva (Pediatric Physical Therapy 31, E14–E19 (2019)) published the case of a 9-year-old girl who arrived at vestibular rehabilitation (VR) with motion sensitivity, frequent headaches, dizziness, and nausea. Despite a rigorous testing battery, the underlying cause of her vestibular symptoms remained unclear. She partook in ten sessions of VR, almost half of which included virtual reality video games. After the intervention, she reported fewer headaches, less motion sensitivity during travel, and even an easier time playing on the playground. While the researchers report several barriers to engaging children and their parents in a demanding VR regimen, their report demonstrates the efficacy of a life-altering VR intervention for a pediatric patient. Read Article

Effects of a 12-Month Supervised, Community-Based, Multimodal Exercise Program Followed by a 6-Month Research-to-Practice Transition on Bone Mineral Density, Trabecular Microarchitecture, and Physical Function in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 35, No. 3, March 2020, pp 419–429. DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3865 © 2019 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Robin M Daly, Jenny Gianoudis, Mariana E Kersh, Christine A Bailey, Peter R Ebeling, Roland Krug, Caryl A Nowson, Keith Hill, and Kerrie M Sanders   Read Article